DAM DEVELOPMENT IN VIETNAM:
CURRENT STATUS & FUTURE PLANNING
Prof.DrSc(sr). PHAM Hong Giang.
ABSTRACT. Vietnam is a South - East Asian country, which is affected by the subtropical humid moonsoon climate. Its annual rainfall is high and most of its territory (especially in the North and the Central parts) is mountainous and has good potential for water reserves and hydropower. Moreover, rainfall, almost the only source of surface flow, concentrates in a few months yearly during the rainy season. Therefore, there is an urgent need to be regulated by reservoirs. The Dam Development has a key role in Vietnam economic-social programs: power generation; flood disaster mitigation; irrigation, water supply for life and industry; transport; and environment promotion. A number of dams with various sizes has been completed to have important contribution to the socio-economic development of the country. Many others are under construction and planning. Dam construction in Vietnam has got lots achievements. Besides it is facing challenges in technological, financial, socially,..
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