DEVELOPMENT OF DISASTER VULNERABILITY INDICATORS IN THE CONTEXT OF CLIMATE CHANGE: A CASE STUDY IN QUANG NAM COASTAL ZONE, CENTRAL VIETNAM
Pham Hong NGA1, Kaoru TAKARA2,
Pham Thi Huong LAN3, Le Thi Chau HA3
1 Student member of JSCE, Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University (Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan)
2 Member of JSCE, Ph.D, Professor, Disaster Prevention ResearchInstitute, Kyoto University (Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan)
3 Ph. D, Water Resources University (175 Tay Son Street, Dong Da, Hanoi, Vietnam)
Coastal areas always have to confront with a rapidly growing impact of disasters, due to many factors that cause an increase in the vulnerability of local communities combined with an increase in (hydrometeorological) hazard events related to climate change. By using the modified DPSIR framework, this paper present the analysis of the pressures of the most important socio-economic driving forces causing the undesirable environmental changes of Quang Nam coastal zone, one of the most vulnerable region in Vietnam. These changes would be potentially exacerbrate by the impacts of climate change, such as increased tidal level, and torrential rainfall as well as increased frequency, magnitude and uncertainty of natural hazards. Eventually, the analysis produces a tailor made set of vulnerability indicators that can be useful to enhance the awareness local communities about their to various types of disasters and therefore, and to strengthen their resillience in the long term.
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